The coordination of social security facilitates the free movement of people within the EU. A fundamental reform of legislation in this area was undertaken in 2010, supplemented by other legislative acts aimed at improving the protection of the rights of mobile workers. In 2016, the Commission included proposals in the labour mobility package to further reform the system and adapt it to the modern economic and social realities of the EU. On 13 December 2016, the Commission proposed a review of EU legislation on the coordination of social security. The proposal is currently being considered by the European Parliament and the Council of the EU. An extension of social security is granted if a mutual agreement is reached between the countries participating in your secondment and if the extension is in your interest. To apply for an extension, you and your employer should contact the relevant authority that issued your A1 before it expired. However, the application of specific provisions relating to sickness and maternity, unemployment and family benefits, with the exception of the cumulative periods, remains subject to the conclusion of bilateral or multilateral agreements between the parties. The Commission`s work programme for 2018 mentioned a proposal for a European Social Security Number (ESSN) to facilitate cross-border coordination of social security, but no concrete proposals have been put forward. This principle means that social security benefits can be paid across the EU and prohibits Member States from booking payments to people residing in their countries. However, it does not apply to all social security benefits; Special schemes apply, for example, to unemployment benefits.
Salaried workers and self-employed workers in other Member States have the same rights and obligations as nationals of the host state. The right to equal treatment applies unconditionally to any salaried or self-employed worker from another Member State who has been in the host Member State for a certain period of time. If, in a Member State, legal effects are attributed to a given situation (for example. B married) or at events (for example. B accident) or the collection of social security benefits (for example. B, recipients of unemployment benefits are also entitled to tax benefits), this Member State must take into account these facts or events or the collection of equivalent benefits in another Member State. The basic rule is that if you work in more than one EU country but are engaged in a significant part of your professional activity in your country of residence, you are covered in your country of residence by the social security system of your country of residence. To access health care in the country where you have been posted, make sure you receive a European Health Insurance Card (CEVK). You can get a CEVK from your health care provider or social security services in your home country.
Since the Lisbon Treaty, the ordinary legislative procedure and qualified majority voting have been in force in the Council. However, a Member State may request that a draft act be submitted to the European Council if it declares that the legal act would undermine important aspects or the financial balance of its social security system. Each Member State is free to make its social security system independent. The coordination regulation defines the system by which a citizen of the European Union is covered by the insurance of an EU citizen if two or more countries are involved. As a general rule, social security is granted by the country of employment or, in the absence of employment, by the country of residence. The regulation is based on four main principles: the creation of the European Labour Authority (ELA) in October 2019 has taken a further step towards better coordination of social security systems. The ELA will take charge of the operational aspects of social security coordination and, through a specialist mediation body, will mediate disputes between national authorities regarding the application of EU law in the area of worker mobility and coor