As part of its overall strategy to resolve cross-border tax problems faced by individuals and businesses in the internal market, the Commission is currently looking precisely at potential conflicts between the EC Treaty and the bilateral double taxation agreements that Member States have concluded with each other and with third countries. Fortunately, most countries have double taxation conventions. These agreements generally spare you double taxation: the convention was born out of the WORK of the OECD to tackle harmful tax practices. The lack of effective exchange of information is one of the main criteria for determining harmful tax practices. The aim of the working group was to develop a legal instrument for the effective exchange of information. The agreement on the prevention of double taxation between India and Singapore currently provides for a tax based on the residence of the capital gains of a company`s shares. The third protocol amends the agreement effective April 1, 2017, which provides for a tax at the source of capital gains from the transfer of shares of a company. This will reduce revenue losses, avoid double non-taxation and streamline investment flows. In order to ensure the safety of investors, equity investments made before April 1, 2017 were processed in accordance with the benefit limitation clause provided by the 2005 Protocol, in accordance with the terms of the benefit limitation clause.
In addition, a two-year transitional period was provided between April 1, 2017 and March 31, 2019, during which capital gains on shares in the source country are taxed at half the normal rate, subject to compliance with the terms of the benefit limitation clause. India has a comprehensive agreement with 88 countries to avoid double taxation, 85 of which have entered into force.  This means that there are agreed tax rates and skill rates for certain types of income generated in one country for a country of taxation established in another country. Under India`s Income Tax Act of 1961, there are two provisions, Section 90 and Section 91, that provide taxpayers with special facilities to protect them from double taxation. Section 90 (bilateral facilitation) applies to tax payers who have paid tax to a country with which India has signed agreements to avoid double taxation, while Section 91 (unilateral relief) provides benefits to taxpayers who have paid taxes in a country with which India has not signed an agreement. Thus, India reduces both types of taxpayers. Prices vary from country to country. 4.
In the event of a tax dispute, agreements can provide a two-way consultation mechanism and resolve the issues in dispute. In recent years [when?], the evolution of foreign investment by Chinese companies has increased rapidly and has developed quite influentially. As a result, cross-border tax treatment is becoming one of China`s major financial and commercial projects, and cross-border tax problems are growing. In order to solve these problems, multilateral tax treaties between countries that can legally help businesses on both sides avoid double taxation and find solutions to tax issues are put in place. In order to implement China`s “comprehensive” strategy and to help domestic companies adapt to globalization, China has committed to promoting and signing multilateral tax agreements with other countries in order to achieve common interests. At the end of November 2016, China officially signed 102 double taxation agreements. 98 of them have already come into force.